This web application has been developed by the Trafford Data Lab as part of the European Union funded OpenGovIntelligence project. It is the result of a co-creation exercise involving Trafford Council, the Greater Manchester Combined Authority and the Department for Work and Pensions to help reduce worklessness across the Greater Manchester region.
The OpenGovIntelligence project aims to modernize Public Administration by connecting it to Civil Society through the innovative application of Linked Open Statistical Data (LOSD). We believe the publication of high quality public statistics can transform society, services and enterprises throughout Europe.
The application is part of a suite of tools that visualise linked open statistical data relating to worklessness to help identify need and locate assets or groups that could support the delivery of Jobcentre Plus services.
The map visualises the spatial distribution of key indicators relating to worklessness using a technique called Local Indicators of Spatial Association (Anselin, 1995). The map shows Lower-layer Super Output Areas (LSOAs) which typically contain around 1,500 residents or 400 households as statistically significant spatial clusters (High-High and Low-Low) or spatial outliers (Low-High and High-Low). An LSOA marked 'High-High' exhibits positive spatial autocorrelation because it has high values of x and is surrounded by areas with similarly high values. Conversely, an LSOA marked 'High-Low' indicates negative spatial autocorrelation because it records a high value of x and is surrounded by areas with low values. By hovering over the LSOAs on the map, information such as the indicator value, electoral ward and deprivation data are displayed in the panel. There are a number of map options available. Hovering over the layer icon below the zoom control (+ - buttons) displays choices for the map backgrounds, such as road atlas and satellite views, as well as the locations of Jobcentre Plus offices which can be overlaid on the map.
The following datasets were used in the application:
All the datasets are published under the Open Government Licence v3.0
Spatial vector boundary layers were provided by the ONS' Open Geography Portal. Contains National Statistics and OS data © Crown copyright and database right 2018.
For more information about Local Indicators of Spatial Association see Luc Anselin's 1995 paper.
The app was developed using Shiny and the following R packages:
The source code is available here.